The construction of the tail went off with very few problems. The stab
lined up fairly well to the wings. Only minor adjustments were
My first step was to glue in the tail wheel plate. The plate supplied is a
piece of 1/4" aircraft ply that is glued in to support the tail
wheel. The first thing I did was lighten up the plate a bit, by drilling
in a few holes in key areas where I felt it was safe to do so. Once
the tail wheel plate was glued in, I then took a few measurements on the
stab, and how it lined up to the wings.
Like the wings, I now had to calculate the wing incident of the stabs.
Again, I set the whole fuse to 0 degrees, and used an incident meter to
set the stabs to 0 as well. Once everything was lined up, I then drilled a
hole in the fuse, and glued in anti rotation donuts, exactly in the same
manner of the main wings. The only difference is that instead of using two
donuts per side, I used only one donut per side. (The stab only needs one)
The next step was to glue in a support former to stiffen up the whole tail
section. This former was supplied in the kit. It's a piece of 1/4" balsa
that when installed will sit at 45 degrees to the tail post. Again, and
like the tail plate, I decided to lighten it a little more.
Once the support former was dry, the next step was to glue in the tail
post. The tail post supplied is a piece of 3/4" balsa. After looking at
the tail post and rudder, I decided that I wanted to double bevel the
rudder, for 3D type control throws. In order to achieve this, I only
set the rudder post in by 1/2" thus leaving a 1/4" to protrude, giving me
some wood to bevel back. I used clamps and an old hockey stick as braces
while the glue set.
Once the glue was dry, I had another look at my rudder, and decided that I
wanted a larger counter balance. In order to achieve this, I had two
options. Either add a piece of balsa on top of the rudder, or cut the fin
and add a piece of balsa under the counter balance. I decided to cut the
fin. I don't want to make the fin any larger then it already is, I just
want more counter balance. So what I did was cut about 2 inches off the
top of the fin, then glue in a piece of 1/8" light ply to reinforce the
cut. Once that was done, I temporarily tacked on a piece of balsa to the
top of the fin (see photo) I then sanded it to the shape of the fin. Once
the shape was achieved, I then glued the rudder to it, broke off the
temporary glue joints, and had my larger counter balance.
Once all that was done, all that was left is to hinge, and create my
double bevels as in this photo.
Fuse formers and Canopy:
When building models we all make mistakes, or perform a step and say
after the fact "shoot, I wish I could do that over!" Well I'm no
exception, and if I could do my canopy installation again, I would think
over the process a bit better. (laughs)
Zn line supplies you with a nicely tinted canopy and a fitted canopy
frame, that fits very nicely into the canopy opening of the fuse. The idea
here is to fit the canopy frame to the fuse, then glue on the canopy,
making set up easy. right? That is if you follow those steps.
Unfortunately, while I was waiting for my tail post to dry, I figured why
not fit and glue the canopy onto the frame. The problem is that now it
makes fitting the frame to the fuse a lot more complex especially with the
canopy already attached to the frame.
Since the canopy is already attached to the frame, I had to get a little
creative in getting it to fit. After looking at the opening, I figured
that 2 dowels in the front of the canopy, and 2 hold downs towards the
rear were how I was going to hold it in. My first step was to drill two
holes into the fuse at the forward canopy opening. These holes are to
accept the 2 dowel pins that are going to be glued into the front of the
canopy frame. I made the holes a little oversized so that I can adjust the
fit of the canopy. Once the holes were drilled, I then glued in two 1/4"
dowel pins into the forward part of the canopy, making sure that the pins
were angled to fit parallel to the opening on the fuse. I then fit the
frame onto the canopy opening, adjusting it to fit. Once it fit nicely, I
then glued in 2 donuts, similar to the way I aligned the wings and stabs.
I had to get to them from the firewall opening of the fuse (good thing I haven't mounted the
motor in yet!)
Now that the front end of the canopy is mounted, the trick is to mount
in the hold downs at the rear end of the canopy.
My first step was to glue in half inch dowels inside the fuse as shown
in the picture. The reason for these dowels is to support the screws that
will be used to hold down the canopy. Now the trick here was to get the
hold down tabs to line up with the canopy. So I drilled and installed the
tabs, blind nuts, and screws before attaching in to the frame. I used a
little 90 degree angles I made out of some scrap wood to get the tabs to
Once everything was dry and aligned, my next step was to attach the tabs
to the frame.
I then cut little slits into the bottom of the canopy frame to accept the
tabs, thus allowing the tabs to protrude from inside the canopy. Once I
got that to line up, the final step was to glue the tabs to the frame.
Again, this was a little tricky, and I had to use an epoxy brush, taped to
a long stick, and from the opening in the front of the fuse, I very
carefully applied the glue, allowing the tabs and frame to set up in the
right position. Once everything was dry, I took the canopy off, sanded the
glue joints a bit, and re-applied a bit more glue to make sure it was
I did get a good fit, but all of this could have been avoided if I would
have not glued the canopy on to the frame. Lesson learnt for next time.
Now that the canopy was attached, I decided to finish off the remaining
The kit comes with the formers shown in these pictures, and I installed
them as they were meant to be installed. The only difference is that I
decided to drill them out to save a little weight. Other then that, there
wasn't too much deviation here. The whole concept here is to create a
frame inside the fuse. The one former in the rear turtle deck, is attached
to side rails, which are attached to the main wing tube. I think that this
is an adequate set up, and needs little more.
Main and Tail wheels
main and tail wheels, are both pretty straight forward. I used a Graupner
carbon fiber tail wheel, that is very light and strong.
The mains were set up fairly straight forward as well, with one slight
twist for all you weight conscience modelers out there. This is a trick
that was shown to me from a local modeler here in Toronto.
I took a standard 1/4" Dubro axle, and with a hammer/center punch knocked
out the main axle, thus only leaving the threaded skirt. Once I removed
the axle, I then made an axle from 6 mm carbon fiber rod. (The rod was
slightly smaller, but I used a little tape and glue to get it to fit
nicely) The end result was a savings of about 3/4 of an ounce per axle.
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